Pest risk analysis (PRA) for Ukraine of pests of limited distribution in ECRP countries: Lymantria mathura Fabricius (pink gypsy moth)

Which priority area of ​​science and technology corresponds to: rational environmental management

Research: applied.

Perspective of further implementation: will be continued as applied;

Research level: no analogues in Ukraine;

Patent: no.

What additional actions require further study: pest risk analysis for Ukraine of Lymantria mathura Fabricius (pink odd silkworm) established the need for granting the pest the status of a quarantine organism absent in Ukraine, entering the species into the A1 list and amending the “List of regulated” pests.

Brief description, advantages, further prospects for application.

Significant volumes of imports of regulated cargoes of plant origin, the transition from centralized planning and state monopoly on foreign trade to a market economy has fundamentally changed the system of quarantine regulation in the country, so the risk of introducing and spreading especially dangerous adventive quarantine harmful insects in Ukraine is quite high.

Phytosanitary risk analysis is the main mechanism for the formation of the List of quarantine pests and phytosanitary regulations in national and international organizations for quarantine and plant protection. Conducted in accordance with international standards and carefully recorded PRA is the rationale for the inclusion of a pest species in the list of quarantine pests, as well as for the application of phytosanitary measures against it. The most important component in conducting a pest risk analysis and determining its quarantine status by the NPPO is to determine the possibility of establishing an adventitious organism in a new, free territory. In our opinion, the modern procedure for determining the possibility of acclimatization of an adventitious species does not give an answer on how to solve the question. The methodology developed by us for analyzing the possibility of acclimatization of adventitious phytophages using computers and modern software will help eliminate this drawback.

Improvement of methods for assessing the probability of acclimatization of adventitious phytophages provides for the development of theoretical and methodological foundations for solving the problem, which are based on an ecological-geographical approach based on the use of geographical information technologies in the study of ecology and the distribution of biological objects. Combining geoinformation technologies and biogeography makes it possible to clearly define the modern range of a particular species, the agro-climatic conditions of its existence, ecological and geographical analysis and modeling of the spatial distribution of a biological object. The development is intended for development by the Sector of Phytosanitary Control and Risk Analysis of the Department of Phytosanitary Safety of the Phytosanitary Service of Ukraine.


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